The Almond nut which is more of a drupe than a nut is a seed of a tree of the same name. It is closely related to the peach, plum, and cherry. It is native to the Middle East, North Africa, and the Indian subcontinent.
As mentioned earlier, the fruit is a drupe with an outer harder shell with the seed within it. The fruit grows to be about one to two inches long. It is brown in color and shaped like a rugby ball. There are usually two types of almonds. These are the sweet and bitter varieties. Commercially the sweet variety is most widely used.
Bitter almonds contain high amounts of cyanide. Cyanide even in small quantities can be lethal to humans and especially little children. It is, therefore, necessary to take precaution when dealing with the bitter variety to ensure it is not ingested in large amounts.
The tree grows to about 4 to 10 meters tall. It takes about three years to reach maturity and to start producing fruit. The fruit usually matures in Autumn after the flowers which blossom in Spring. These flowers appear pinkish-white in color. The worlds biggest producers of almonds are the United States, Spain, Australia, Iran and Morocco among others.
Almond nuts are available in marketplaces all year around. They can be purchased either shelled or unshelled. In either case, they can be salted or sweetened. The almond can also be sold ground in the form of almond flour. When purchasing, one should look for bright colored shells. They should not show signs of discoloration, mold, bruises or cracks. They should be firm and not soggy.
Almonds should be stored in a cool, dark and dry place in an airtight container when shelled. If stored properly they can keep for several months without going bad. Shelled seeds should be stored in a refrigerator in an airtight container as well.
How to Almond Nuts are used as Food
The shells can be cracked open using nut shelling tools. They can be eaten raw either salted or sweetened. They can also be To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More or sautéed. Because of their sweet flavor, they are ideal in A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More dishes like Ice Cream also known as iced cream is a flavored frozen food often made from dairy products that can be eaten as a snack or dessert. It can also be combined with fruits, nuts and other ingredients and condiments. It is usually served in dishes, cups or cones depending on how it is presented. There are more varieties of ice... More, A Sundae is a sweet ice cream dessert which consists of ice cream topped with sauce or syrup. as well as other toppings like sprinkles, chopped nuts, whipped cream or fruits. The sauce can be anything from chocolate to strawberry sauces. The fruits can be anything from a banana to pineapple. The basic dessert consists of just one or two... More, cake and A pie is a dish made of pastry dough and a sweet or savory filling. Depending on the type, the pastry can fully cover, conceal or contain the filling. The pie can be top-crust, bottom-crust or two-crust in preparation. Pies can be made of varying pastries depending on the desired texture or filling required. In film comedy, it is common... More dishes as well as drinks such as almond A Milkshake also called frappe in some regions is a thick drink made by mixing milk, ice cream, flavorings and various sweeteners. The sweeteners can be included as a topping such as chocolate sauce, caramel or fruit syrup. The milkshake can be made by hand, using a powered blender or milkshake machine. In more commercial settings they can be bought... More.
Other To bake is to cook food in prolonged dry heat in an oven, coal pit or hot sand. The prolonging allows for the heat to spread throughout the dish. This method is very similar to roast cooking. Virtually every type of food can be baked but it is usually the exclusive method of choice for preparation of foods like bread,... More goods that incorporate almonds include biscuit, A cookie is a piece of information that a website store on the visitor's computer so that it can remember specific things about the user and device when they revisit the website at a later time. Typically, the information a cookie store is the visitor's preferences and device configuration. Cookies are not designed to store sensitive information such as passwords,... More, and sweets. Chocolate, energy bars, breakfast cereal dishes also make use of almonds.
With this nut, you can make almond butter as a peanut butter substitute as well as Frangipane. They are also used as an ingredient in savory dishes such as rice preparations, sauces, salad and vegetable dishes.
The almond is a rich source of dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More and energy. It contains 579 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams and is rich in carbohydrates and proteins. It is also rich in fats and oils and contains no cholesterol. It also a gluten-free food.
It is also rich in vitamins and minerals and antioxidants. Almonds are one of the few foods that provide all the nutrient groups essential to good health.
Almonds are a good source of the B complex vitamins including Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More. It is a very rich source of Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More. Even though is not a source for Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More and vitamin C, this nut is packed with vitamin E.
As for minerals, almonds are great sources of Potassium, Calcium, Copper, and Iron. It is also rich in Magnesium, Manganese, and Phosphorous as well as Zinc.