The common fig is a plant of the mulberry family. It produces a fruit simply known as fig. The plant is native to the Middle East and Western Asia.
The fig tree grows to a height of 7 to 10 meters. It has a distinct smooth white bark. The actual fruit which grows to about 3 to 5 centimeters long consists of a mature syconium containing numerous druplets.
The fruit has a green skin which ripens to purple or brown. The green fruit has a milky sap which may be an irritant to most people’s skin. The ripe fruit is sweet and juicy and can also be dried for later consumption.
The plant can tolerate nutritionally poor soil and does well in well-drained soil. It can also grow in dry and hot areas such as those conditions found in the Middle East. This makes the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climate is especially suitable for the plant.
The world’s largest producers of fig are Turkey, Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, and Iran respectively. It is also grown widely in the United States and Spain among other nations.
The fresh fig fruits are available in markets throughout the year with the best quality being available from May through November.
Dried figs are also available in the markets. If purchasing fresh fig fruits, they should be relatively firm but slightly soft. The very soft figs should be avoided. They should be picked when ripe from the tree and not when still green.
Also avoid those that have bruises and cuts, fungus or rot, or the very green fruit which can be bitter and unpleasant to the palate.
Fig fruits do not keep well and therefore should be purchased when needed and eat soon after. They can keep for two to three days in a refrigerator if need be. Dried figs can keep for 6 to 9 months.
Preparation of Fig for Consumption
Wash the figs in cool running water to remove any dirt and soil particles as well as any pesticide residue. The fruit can be eaten as a snack whole or peeled as desired.
The fruit can be added to A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More and A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More like cakes, Ice Cream also known as iced cream is a flavored frozen food often made from dairy products that can be eaten as a snack or dessert. It can also be combined with fruits, nuts and other ingredients and condiments. It is usually served in dishes, cups or cones depending on how it is presented. There are more varieties of ice... More sundaes and other dishes that call for it in the A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More.
The dried fruit can be used in preparations of soups and stews. It can also be added to lamb, poultry, and venison. it can be eaten with breakfast cereal, pies, and other To bake is to cook food in prolonged dry heat in an oven, coal pit or hot sand. The prolonging allows for the heat to spread throughout the dish. This method is very similar to roast cooking. Virtually every type of food can be baked but it is usually the exclusive method of choice for preparation of foods like bread,... More goods.
The fig is a good source of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More. It contains 74 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams, is a good source of carbohydrates and contains no cholesterol and has trace amounts of oils and fats.
The fig is a good source of the B-complex vitamins, most notably Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More, Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More.
It is also good for getting Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More, Vitamin C, and vitamin K.
Fig contains Potassium, Copper, Calcium, Magnesium, Iron and Manganese.