Here’s a Composer cheat sheet with some commonly used Composer commands and their descriptions:
Certainly, here’s a cheat sheet with some commonly used Composer commands and their descriptions:
Initialize a New Composer Project:
$ composer init
This command initializes a new Composer project and creates a
composer.json file. It guides you through project setup, including package name, description, dependencies, and more.
$ composer install
Installs all the dependencies listed in the
composer.json file, including the versions specified.
$ composer update
Updates the dependencies to their latest versions as specified in
composer.json. Use this when you want to update packages without changing the version constraints.
Require a Package:
$ composer require package-name
Adds a new package to your project and updates the
composer.json file. It also installs the package and its dependencies.
Remove a Package:
$ composer remove package-name
Removes a package from your project, updates the
composer.json file, and uninstalls the package and its dependencies.
Show Package Information:
$ composer show package-name
Displays detailed information about a specific package, including its version, dependencies, and more.
Autoload Files and Classes:
$ composer dump-autoload
Regenerates the Composer autoload file. Use this when you add new classes or files to your project to ensure they are autoloaded correctly.
Check for Updates:
$ composer outdated
Lists packages that have newer versions available. It helps you identify which packages can be updated to the latest versions.
Search for Packages:
$ composer search keyword
Searches for packages on Packagist (the default Composer repository) based on a keyword. It helps you discover packages that match your needs.
Create a Composer Lock File:
$ composer lock
Generates or updates the
composer.lock file, which records the exact versions of packages currently installed. This is used to ensure consistent package versions across environments.
Show Dependency Tree:
$ composer show --tree
Displays a tree view of all the dependencies in your project, making it easy to understand the relationship between packages.
Update Composer Itself:
$ composer self-update
Updates the Composer application to the latest version. This ensures that you’re using an up-to-date Composer tool.
$ composer run-script script-name
Executes a custom script defined in the
composer.json file. You can use this for various project-specific tasks and automation.
Initialize a New Composer Project from a Template:
$ composer create-project vendor/package project-directory
Creates a new project by cloning a template repository from a vendor (e.g., GitHub) and initializes it with Composer.
Show Installed Packages:
$ composer show --all
Lists all installed packages and their versions, including the root package and its dependencies.
Clear Composer Cache:
$ composer clear-cache
Clears the Composer cache, which can be useful if you encounter issues or want to free up disk space.
This composer cheat sheet covers some of the most commonly used Composer commands. Composer is a powerful dependency management tool that streamlines the process of managing packages and dependencies in your PHP projects. You can use these commands to initiate, manage, and optimize your Composer-driven projects efficiently.