The bell pepper is a fruit that is also known as sweet pepper of just pepper. Another well-known name is capsicum. It is not to be confused with the other black or white peppercorns which are also referred to as pepper.
The fruits of the capsicum come in several colors ranging from green to red to purple. They are also available in white, orange, yellow and brown. Regardless of color, the bell pepper can be identified from its bell-shaped fruit.
The color gives a hint to how sweet the fruit is. Green is the least sweet fruit with yellow being sweeter followed by the orange than the red varieties. All these varieties do start off green and change color into maturity. The green variety remains green into maturity.
This fruit is native to Mexico. Other regions are Central America, South America, and North America. From the Americas it was exported to Spain thereafter it spread to other regions of the world. Like the eggplant, it belongs to the nightshade family of plants.
Bell peppers grow well in warm moist soil in temperate and tropical regions. The largest producer of bell peppers is China, Mexico, Indonesia, Turkey, and Spain.
Bell pepper differs from other peppers such as cayenne or chili in that it does not produce capsaicin, the chemical that produces the burning sensation when consumed. For that reason, it is consumed as an everyday vegetable rather than a A condiment is an additive that is added to food during preparation to impart a particular flavor to it. It can consist of a spice, sauce or other ingredients with substantial flavors that can be transferred to the target food. They are also used to enhance foods flavor or complement the dish. They can include items such as ketchup, mustard,... More. While sweet bell pepper scores 0 on the Scoville heat units (SHU), which is the measure of hotness, jalapeno pepper measures around 2,500 to 4,000 and Mexican habanero measures 200,000 to 500,000 units.
The fruit itself features three to five lobes and are hollow with ribs on the inside bearing seeds. The entire fruit is edible and is available in the markets all year round. The fresh fruit should appear glossy and firm when handled. It should be of average weight for its size and have a nice sounding thud when tapped with the fingers.
One should avoid soft fruit, wrinkled or withered pods. They should not have any bruising, rough discolored skin, mold, bruises or slime on it. Also, those with punctures or cuts should be avoided.
Bell pepper stays fresh about three to four days and should, therefore, be stored in a refrigerator in an airtight plastic bag. Generally like all fruit and vegetables, one should purchase capsicum as close as possible when intended for use.
How to Prepare Bell pepper in the Kitchen
The fruit pods should be washed thoroughly under running water to remove any dirt and soil particles as well as pesticide and fungicide residue. The stem can then be cut off and the ribs and seed removed and discarded. Even though they are edible they are not normally included in A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More preparations.
Once you are left with the hollow cup-shaped pod you can cut it up with a sharp knife according to the A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More requirements.
Bell pepper can be eaten raw as a snack or in vegetable and green A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More preparations or cooked in various ways. They can be To bake is to cook food in prolonged dry heat in an oven, coal pit or hot sand. The prolonging allows for the heat to spread throughout the dish. This method is very similar to roast cooking. Virtually every type of food can be baked but it is usually the exclusive method of choice for preparation of foods like bread,... More, A grill is an appliance for cooking food over an open fire from charcoal, electricity, gas or firewood. It also refers to cooking using the appliance. When referring to cooking, the food is cooked over the dry heat to brown and caramelize the food item. The food usually comes from one direction and it is exposed to direct heat so... More or To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More. They also do well To boil is to cook food in hot bubbling water or other liquid such as stock, milk, wine or others to soften the food and alter its texture and flavor. Boiling protects food from burning as the liquid prevents the temperatures from rising beyond the liquids boiling point. Cooking food in a liquid such as oil is not considered boiling... More in Soup is a liquid that can be eaten as a complete food. It can either be thick or clear and can be served hot or cold with accompaniments such as crouton or bread buns. Soup may contain solids such as seafood or meats depending on the type. Clear soups are either bouillon and consommé while thick soups can be thickened... More, stew and A sauce is a liquid or semi-solid food served on other foods or used to cook other foods. Sauces are not normally served as foods on their own. They are used to enhance other dishes by adding flavor and texture. The sauce is derived from the French word salsa which means salted though they may be sweet or savory in... More preparations. One can prepare them if you stir-fry, To fry is the act of cooking food in oil or fat. This is done to achieve a texture and flavor that cannot be achieved using water-based cooking. Oils and fats reach higher temperatures than water at normal atmospheric pressure. This allows fried food to cook at higher temperatures. This method allows food to have crispy textures and distinct flavors... More, To Sauté is to cook food by quickly frying in a hot pan with a small amount of oil or fat. This is done in order to brown the surface while preserving the moisture, flavor, and texture of the food. The food is usually cut into small pieces or sliced to quicken the process. Foods that are commonly Sautéed include... More or To sear is a method of cooking where one would grill, bake, braise, roast or sauté the meat, fish or poultry at high temperature to form a caramelized crust. This allows the meats to attain distinct flavors, improved appearance with the browning and improve texture. This method alone is usually used with more tender cuts of meats unless it is... More the chopped fruit.
These peppers do particularly well-paired with other vegetables such as carrots, eggplant, beans, potatoes and tomatoes. The bell peppers are also commonly stuffed and eaten as appetizer dishes. Common stuffings include cheese, fruits, meat, nuts and rice.
They are also a popular topping on pizza and go well served with rice and all types of pasta. You will find sweet pepper used as an ingredient in A pie is a dish made of pastry dough and a sweet or savory filling. Depending on the type, the pastry can fully cover, conceal or contain the filling. The pie can be top-crust, bottom-crust or two-crust in preparation. Pies can be made of varying pastries depending on the desired texture or filling required. In film comedy, it is common... More and A Quiche is a savory open pastry crust filled with savory custard, cheese, meat, seafood or vegetables. It can be served hot or cold. It is closely related to the pie and originated in France. The custard is made of eggs and milk or cream and mixed with other vegetables, meat, seafood or poultry ingredients then backed in an oven... More dishes as well.
Nutritional Benefits of Capsicum
Bell pepper is a good source of dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More and contains trace amounts of Better known as cooking fat, it is a macro-nutrient made up of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol. Fat is the general term used in culinary arts to refer to the fats which are solid at room temperature, for example, shortening and lard. It is differentiated from cooking oil in the oil remains liquid at room temperature. They... More and no cholesterol. It contains 31 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams of fruit. It is rich in anti-oxidants, vitamins and minerals.
The pepper contains good amounts of the B complex vitamins including Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More. It is also a excellent source of Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More and vitamin C as well as a good source of vitamin E and vitamin K.
As for minerals it is a good source of potassium and has trace amounts of sodium. It is also a good source of Iron, Manganese and Phosphorus as well as Magnesium and Copper.