Chip

technology chip

A chip in a computer is electronic circuits or an integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC or a microchip) embedded on a flat piece of semiconductor material that is normally silicon.

Integrated circuits can be analog, digital, or mixed-signal. The minute size of computer chips brings the advantage of allowing high speed, low power dissipation, and reduced manufacturing cost compared with board-level integration.

These chips control everything from industrial machines, personal computers and cellular phones to home appliances like digital microwave ovens.