Yogurt is also known as yoghurt or yoghourt is derived from Turkish term meaning “to be curdled or coagulated or to thicken”. It is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. The bacteria also known as yogurt cultures act on the protein and lactose to produce lactic acid.

Yogurt is commonly sold sweetened and flavored and in many cases served with fruit and fruit jam. It is used all over the world in cooking recipes, beverages, and raw consumption.