Hazelnut also is known as cobnut or filbert nut according to the species is the nut of the hazel tree. The nuts are spherical to oval in shape. They measure about 15 to 25 mm long and 10–15 mm in diameter.
The nut has a thin dark brown skin in color with an off-white flesh. It originated in southern Europe and Turkey and is now grown around the world.
The biggest producers of Hazelnuts in the world are Turkey, Italy, Georgia, the United States, and Azerbaijan respectively.
The Hazel tree produces fruit nuts about three years after planting. They are available all year round in the markets and are sold in different forms such as shelled and unshelled.
They can also be sold unsalted, salted, ground or in the form of a paste. It is preferable to buy unshelled and unprocessed raw nuts. The nut has a pleasant sweet nutty taste to it.
Good nuts should be vibrant brownish-yellow color. They should feel heavy for their size. They should not have any bruises, cracks, mold, spots, and blemishes. They should also not have any rancid smell.
Good unshelled nuts can keep for several years in a cool, dry and dark place. If shelled they should be stored in an airtight container in a refrigerator.
Hazelnut for Culinary Uses
The nuts can be eaten raw as a snack or prepared in various ways. You can To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More, To fry is the act of cooking food in oil or fat. This is done to achieve a texture and flavor that cannot be achieved using water-based cooking. Oils and fats reach higher temperatures than water at normal atmospheric pressure. This allows fried food to cook at higher temperatures. This method allows food to have crispy textures and distinct flavors... More, sweeten or salt the nuts. The nuts are commonly used in confections, most notably pralines.
They are also used to A garnish is an item or substance used to decorate or embellish accompanying a prepared food dish or drink which may be edible or ornamental. They may be used to complement the flavor of the dish or to add a visual appeal. Common edible substances commonly used are parsley, paprika, chives, lemon slices and chocolate among others. Non-edible garnishes an... More chocolate and chocolate truffles. They are also used to make hazelnut paste and spreads such as Nutella products.
Frangelico Liqueur which is also known as liquor, cordials or schnapps, is an alcoholic drink that is made from a distilled spirit that has been flavored with fruit, cream, herbs, spices, flowers or nuts. It is bottled with an added sweetener such as sugar or high-fructose corn syrup. They are generally sweet and not aged like other spirits. They can be drunk... More is made with Hazelnut. Hazelnut Oil which is also called Cooking oil or Edible oil is a plant, animal or synthetic fat used in food preparation. It is used in frying, baking and other forms of cooking as well as where the food preparation does not require heat such as in salad and dip. It is usually in liquid form at room temperature. Some varieties... More is used for cooking.
Hazelnuts provide 628 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams and it contains no cholesterol. It is an excellent source of protein mono-unsaturated Better known as cooking fat, it is a macro-nutrient made up of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol. Fat is the general term used in culinary arts to refer to the fats which are solid at room temperature, for example, shortening and lard. It is differentiated from cooking oil in the oil remains liquid at room temperature. They... More and essential fatty acids. It is a good source of energy through carbohydrates as well as being rich in dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More.
It is a rich source of the B-complex vitamins including Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, and Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More. It is also very rich in Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More as well as being a good source of Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More.
Hazelnut is a very rich source of vitamin E. It is also a good source of vitamin C and vitamin K.
As for minerals, it is very rich in Copper and Manganese. This nut is also a good source of Potassium, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, and Zinc.