Kali Linux is a popular distribution for ethical hackers and penetration testers. While it comes pre-installed with PHP, there may be situations where you need to upgrade PHP to the latest version to take advantage of new features and security enhancements. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the step-by-step process of installing the latest PHP 8.2 on your Kali Linux system.
Before you proceed with the installation, ensure that you have:
- A Kali Linux system up and running.
- Administrative (sudo) privileges.
Step 1: Update Your System
Start by making sure your system is up to date with the latest packages:
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt upgrade
This will ensure that your system is current and ready for the PHP 8.2 installation.
Step 2: Add the PHP Repository
PHP 8.2 might not be available in the default Kali Linux repositories. To install it, you can add the repository maintained by Ondřej Surý, who provides up-to-date PHP packages for various Debian-based distributions, including Kali Linux. Run the following commands:
$ sudo apt install -y software-properties-common
$ sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ondrej/php
Step 3: Update Package Information
After adding the repository, update your package information:
$ sudo apt update
Step 4: Install PHP 8.2
Now that the repository is added, you can install PHP 8.2 along with any necessary extensions. To install PHP 8.2 and some common extensions, use the following command:
$ sudo apt install php8.2 php8.2-common php8.2-cli php8.2-fpm php8.2-json php8.2-common php8.2-mysql php8.2-zip php8.2-gd php8.2-mbstring php8.2-curl php8.2-xml php8.2-bcmath php8.2-json
This command will install PHP 8.2 and several commonly used extensions. You can add or remove extensions based on your specific needs.
Step 5: Verify PHP Installation
To confirm that PHP 8.2 has been successfully installed, run the following command:
$ php -v
This will display the PHP version, confirming that you are now using PHP 8.2.
Step 6: Configure PHP
PHP configuration files are usually located in the
/etc/php/8.2/ directory. You can modify the configuration to suit your needs, such as adjusting memory limits, file upload sizes, and more.
You’ve successfully installed PHP 8.2 on your Kali Linux system. With the latest version of PHP, you can take advantage of new features, performance improvements, and enhanced security. Whether you’re developing web applications or using Kali Linux for ethical hacking, having an up-to-date PHP installation is essential. If you encounter any issues or need further assistance, refer to the official PHP documentation or seek help from the Kali Linux community.