Lychee is also known as Litchi botanically and is of the soapberry family, Sapindaceae of the genus Litchi. Lychee is a large tropical and evergreen tree that bears small pink fruits with a rough texture on the outer skin.
It is native to the Guangdong and Fujian regions of China and is most popular in China, India, the rest of Southeast Asia and South Africa.
The tree can grow up to 28 meters tall with fruits that take between three to four months to mature depending on the climate and cultivar. The fruits themselves can be anything from round or oval to heart-shaped. They can reach about five centimeters long an four centimeters wide.
Immature fruits are green in color and turn pink to red when ripe. After harvest, the skin tends to turn brown and hard. The outer skin which is inedible may be anything from smooth to rough with sharp, protruding spines.
The inner flesh surrounds a large dark brown inedible seed. The flesh is pale white and translucent and bears a fragrant smell while it is sweet to taste.
The lychee can be purchased in stores all year round in various forms including, fresh, dried, or processed frozen or canned. The fruit’s outer skin dries at room temperature and keeps about two to three days. It may, therefore, be necessary to moisten them occasionally.
The fruits can keep much longer in a refrigerator for well over a month.
Preparation of Lychee for Consumption
Lychee should be separated from the stalk and washed in cool running water. Gently hold the fruit with one hand and peel away the opposite end with your other hand’s fingers. The peeling of lychees is similar to Citrus in cooking refers to the fruits and by-products of flowering plants that produce citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, grapefruit, tangerines, citron, and limes. These fruits are notable for their fragrance contained in the rind. The other notable characteristic of these plants is the presence of high quantities of citric acid contained in the juice and are a good... More fruits.
Be careful not to apply too much pressure as this will squirt the juice out of the delicate flesh.
This fruit is generally eaten as a snack or can be sliced and added to fruit A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More. It is also prepared into a refreshing juice for commercial purposes or can be juiced in a food processor to extract the juice in the home setting.
Lychee is also used to make jam, Jelly is a mixture of fruit juice and sugar cooked and thickened with pectin. When cooled it holds its shape without a mold. Jelly is used as a bread spread or a glaze on pastries. In Britain Jelly is a flavored dessert thickened with gelatin and sweetened with sugar.... More, A sauce is a liquid or semi-solid food served on other foods or used to cook other foods. Sauces are not normally served as foods on their own. They are used to enhance other dishes by adding flavor and texture. The sauce is derived from the French word salsa which means salted though they may be sweet or savory in... More, sorbet and A syrup or sirup is a condiment that is a thick viscous liquid consisting of a solution of sugar in water. They can be made by milking pine trees or by reducing naturally sweet juices. The common examples include such as sugar cane juice, sorghum juice or maple sap. Syrup can also be made by mixing any of the forms... More preparations.
Lychee comes with just 66 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams. It contains no cholesterol or saturated fats. It is a decent source of vitamins and minerals.
Like most fruits it is a very rich source of vitamin C. It is a good source of B-complex vitamins such as Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More, Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, and Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More.
It is also a good source of Potassium, Copper, and Iron. It also contains good amounts of Magnesium, Manganese, and Phosphorus.