The pistachio or pistachio nut is a small tree that produces nuts which are eaten as food. They are believed to originate from the Central Asia region and the Middle East. These nuts are related to the cashew nut.
The pistachio is highly tolerant of saline soil and is naturally a desert tree. They survive equally in hot weather as well as winter conditions. Again where there is high humidity the pistachio will not do well as they are susceptible to root rot if the soils are not well drained.
To ripen, the crop requires long hot conditions to facilitate this. The tree grows to about 10 meters tall with leaves leaching about 20 centimeters long. The trees are come dioecious, with separate male and female trees with the fruit of this tree being classified as a A drupe, also known as stone fruit which is a fruit which has an outer fleshy part that surrounds a shell. Typical examples include fruits such as coffee, mango, olive, pistachio, and coconut. The shell is also called a stone, pyrene or pit.... More which bears the edible seed. It is therefore not a botanical nut but can be classified as a Culinary art is the art of the preparation, cooking, and presentation of meals. The term culinary means "Related to cooking". People who work in this field are called Culinary artists or Culinarians. In more common terms they are chefs and cooks. The requirements of these workers are people who have knowledge of diet, food science, nutrition and hygiene, design aesthetics,... More nut.
The shell covering the nut turns from green to reddish when it ripens as well as splitting open. Commercial pistachios are commonly dyed red or green which is more of a ceremonial practice.
The tree lives for decades and rich optimal production levels at about 20 years of age. The tree is a biennial tree where harvest is optimal in alternate years.
The world’s major producers of pistachios are Iran, United States, Turkey, and China respectively. They are available in markets and stores all throughout the year. They may be sold shelled or unshelled. They also come salted, To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More and sweetened. It is preferable to purchase the unshelled nuts.
Either way, you need nuts that are vibrant and not withered. They should have uniform color and should feel heavy for their size. Avoid nuts with cracks, bruises, mold or rancid smell. Any cracks should be the natural split. They can be stored in a cool dry place for several months.
Shelled nuts should be stored in an airtight container and kept in a refrigerator to prevent them from turning rancid.
Preparing the Pistachio for Culinary Uses
The nuts can be eaten raw or salted and sweetened. You can have them To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More or deep To fry is the act of cooking food in oil or fat. This is done to achieve a texture and flavor that cannot be achieved using water-based cooking. Oils and fats reach higher temperatures than water at normal atmospheric pressure. This allows fried food to cook at higher temperatures. This method allows food to have crispy textures and distinct flavors... More cooked. Generally, they can be prepared any way that peanuts or macadamia can be prepared. To consume them you usually need to crack the hard shell between the fingers or using a The nutcracker is a tool used to break hard nuts. These tools come in many forms such as those with levers, screws, and ratchets. They are made with a hard material like steel and are usually handheld.... More.
These nuts are popular also as toppings and garnishes in A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More and fruit A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More dishes. They are also commonly used in Ice Cream also known as iced cream is a flavored frozen food often made from dairy products that can be eaten as a snack or dessert. It can also be combined with fruits, nuts and other ingredients and condiments. It is usually served in dishes, cups or cones depending on how it is presented. There are more varieties of ice... More A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More and ice cream A Sundae is a sweet ice cream dessert which consists of ice cream topped with sauce or syrup. as well as other toppings like sprinkles, chopped nuts, whipped cream or fruits. The sauce can be anything from chocolate to strawberry sauces. The fruits can be anything from a banana to pineapple. The basic dessert consists of just one or two... More preparations. They are a popular ingredient in making Baklava Pastry is a type of dough prepared by mixing flour, water or milk and shortening which may be sweetened or savory in nature. Other ingredients can be included such as butter, eggs, yeast and baking powder. Flavoring can also be included depending on the recipe. The word pastry is derived from the French term pâtisserie. Sweetened pastries are also called... More found in Armenia, Iran, and Turkey among other Middle Eastern nations.
Pistachios are rich in energy, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals. They contain no cholesterol but pack in 557 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams. They are rich in protein, Better known as cooking fat, it is a macro-nutrient made up of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol. Fat is the general term used in culinary arts to refer to the fats which are solid at room temperature, for example, shortening and lard. It is differentiated from cooking oil in the oil remains liquid at room temperature. They... More and dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More. In terms of vitamins, they are rich in the b-complex vitamins.
These nuts are a great source for Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More, and Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More. They are extremely rich in Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More. They are also a good source of Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More, vitamin C, and vitamin E.
The minerals that are packed into these nuts include Potassium, Calcium and large amounts of Copper. Also included are Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Selenium, and Zinc.