The plum is a drupe fruit that is sweet, juicy, and delicious. It is visually similar to peaches, cherries, and other similar fruits. Botanically it bears the scientific name Prunus domestica of the family Rosaceae.
It grows off a large shrub and bears the fruit which measures about 5 to 6 centimeters in diameter. It has a single depressed stem and a single hard pit. The pit is surrounded by juicy and fleshy pulp which has a tart and sweet taste.
The main plum cultivars used today include Damson which is purple or black skin, with green flesh. Then there is Greengage which tends to be firm with green flesh and skin even when ripe. Next, we have Mirabelle which is dark yellow.
Others are Satsuma plum with a firm red flesh and a red skin. Next, there is Victoria which bears yellow flesh with a red or mottled skin. Last but not least is the Yellowgage or golden plum which is similar to greengage, but yellow in color.
The world’s largest producers of plums include China, Romania, Serbia, Iran, Turkey, and India respectively.
Plums are available all year round in markets and stores. The best products can be found in season between May and September. One needs to look for fresh fruit which is vibrant in color and have a whitish bloom on the surface. The white bloom indicates the fruit is fresh.
Fruits with bruises and cuts should be avoided. Also avoid very soft, slimy fruit, or those with signs of rot. At home, Plums can be stored at room temperature where they will tend to ripen. To preserve them longer they should be stored in a refrigerator.
Enjoying the Delicate Plum as a Food
The plums should be washed in cool running water to remove any dirt, soil particles, and pesticide residues. All parts of the fruit other than the pit can be eaten as a delicious snack.
Aside from eating as a snack the fruits can be cut and added to fruit and other A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More. They can also be backed and To poach is to cook food in a liquid such as milk, water, wine, stock, brandy etc over very low heat to preserve the integrity of delicate food such as eggs or fish. This method is ideal where the aggressive nature of boiling liquid would destroy the food before it has a chance to cook. It also differs from simmering... More in other A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More, usually A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More, muffins, cakes, ice-creams, and other foods.
Commercially it is used in the preparation of A pie is a dish made of pastry dough and a sweet or savory filling. Depending on the type, the pastry can fully cover, conceal or contain the filling. The pie can be top-crust, bottom-crust or two-crust in preparation. Pies can be made of varying pastries depending on the desired texture or filling required. In film comedy, it is common... More fillings, jam, and Jelly is a mixture of fruit juice and sugar cooked and thickened with pectin. When cooled it holds its shape without a mold. Jelly is used as a bread spread or a glaze on pastries. In Britain Jelly is a flavored dessert thickened with gelatin and sweetened with sugar.... More preparations.
Health and Nutritional Benefits
The plum contains oxalic acid, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some individuals. In such individuals, it should be avoided or eaten in moderation.
Plums are rich in antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins. They contain just 46 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams in weight. They are low in dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More, fats and oils, and proteins. They are a good source of carbohydrates and have no cholesterol.
This fruit contains moderate amounts of the B-complex vitamins. Nevertheless, they contain Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More, and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More. They contain good amounts of Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More and vitamin C. Also present in moderate amounts is vitamin K and vitamin E.
Plums contain moderate amounts of Potassium and other minerals including Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Phosphorus, Selenium, and Zinc.