Rice is an extremely popular staple food which so happens to be a cereal grain. It is the seed of a grass species called Asian Rice or African Rice varieties.
It is most popularly grown in Asia with China being the leading producer of this grain. It is an annual plant, which can also survive as a perennial crop when grown in tropical regions.
The plant grows up to 1 to 1.8 m tall, or more depending on the variety and soil conditions. It can be identified by long slender leaves with grains that grow to about half a centimeter long.
It grows well in areas with plenty of rainfall but more commonly with artificial irrigation. In Asia, it is common to find these fields or paddies prepared on terraces on steep slopes.
Today it is grown all over the world and comes in white, brown, red and black varieties spread across four categories namely indica, japonica, aromatic and glutinous.
Common varieties out of the four colored ones include Thai Jasmine rice, Japanese mochi rice, Chinese sticky rice, Others are basmati rice, long and medium-grained Patna rice, short-grained Sona masuri.
Others include abakaliki rice, wild rice, black Asian rice, Camargue red rice. Generally, there are thousands of varieties of rice one can find all over the world.
More commonly it is normally purchased processed in markets where the husk is removed from the grain and packed. In farmers or local markets, it is usually purchased by measuring out the required quantities from the sack or container.
Preparation of Rice for Recipes
Depending on the source, you generally want to wash the grains to remove any dirt and excess starch to make it less sticky when cooked. The general method is to wash the rice with plenty of water until the water becomes clear.
Some processed grains should not be washed especially those fortified with vitamins. Some brands can also be purchased washed or pre-cooked or parboiled.
The method of cooking is highly dependent on the actual variety of grains. Generally, you want to cook this starch using a ratio of grains to water of 1:2.
The grains can also be soaked for about 30 minutes to 12 hours to shorten the cooking time. It can be fried before To boil is to cook food in hot bubbling water or other liquid such as stock, milk, wine or others to soften the food and alter its texture and flavor. Boiling protects food from burning as the liquid prevents the temperatures from rising beyond the liquids boiling point. Cooking food in a liquid such as oil is not considered boiling... More to make it less sticky. It can also be steamed as well as prepared in an electric rice cooker.
This grain can be prepared as a main meal in itself or an accompaniment to a protein. It goes well with meats, poultry or fish proteins. It also goes well with beans and lentils as well as in plain vegetarian dishes.
Rice can be eaten as part of a warm or cold A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More, for starters or as a A garnish is an item or substance used to decorate or embellish accompanying a prepared food dish or drink which may be edible or ornamental. They may be used to complement the flavor of the dish or to add a visual appeal. Common edible substances commonly used are parsley, paprika, chives, lemon slices and chocolate among others. Non-edible garnishes an... More for Soup is a liquid that can be eaten as a complete food. It can either be thick or clear and can be served hot or cold with accompaniments such as crouton or bread buns. Soup may contain solids such as seafood or meats depending on the type. Clear soups are either bouillon and consommé while thick soups can be thickened... More. It can also be consumed as a A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More. It does well enough to be eaten sweet or savory.
Popular dishes contain this staple food includes Risotto in Italy where the medium grain variety is used. Rice pudding where the short grain variety is used. Medium grain variety is also used in Sushi is a Japanese styled vinegar rice artistically combined with other ingredients. These include primarily seafood (raw), vegetables or tropical fruits. The preparation can be served with Ginger, Wasabi and Soy sauce.... More. Others include Pulao is a rice dish served as the main course where the rice is cooked in a seasoned broth with herbs, spices and usually meat and vegetables such as onions. Pulao is known by many other names around the world such as pilaf, pilau, pilav and more.... More (Pulao is a rice dish served as the main course where the rice is cooked in a seasoned broth with herbs, spices and usually meat and vegetables such as onions. Pulao is known by many other names around the world such as pilaf, pilau, pilav and more.... More) and biryani, congee or rice porridge (usually eaten for breakfast) among others.
Nutritional Benefits of This Food
Rice contains 365 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams serving. It contains some amounts of dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More and trace amounts of Better known as cooking fat, it is a macro-nutrient made up of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol. Fat is the general term used in culinary arts to refer to the fats which are solid at room temperature, for example, shortening and lard. It is differentiated from cooking oil in the oil remains liquid at room temperature. They... More. It also provides decent amounts of protein about 7% of the weight of the total serving.
It also contains some of the B complex vitamins most notably Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More (Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More) and Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More. Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More is also present in small amounts. It is a rich source of Manganese and also a good source of Phosphorus, Zinc, and Magnesium. It also provides decent amounts of iron.
You can follow this guide here to get more details about the different methods on how to cook this staple grain.