Saffron is a spice derived from the flower of the bulbous saffron crocus plant also known as Crocus sativus.
This spice is used primarily as a flavoring and coloring agent in food. The spice is extracted from the vibrant, crimson, dried styles and stigmas called threads of the flower.
The Crocus sativus plant grows to about 20 to 30 centimeters tall and bears four flowers from which the spice can be obtained.
The spice is one of the most expensive pound-for-pound. The rich crimson color of the spice comes from crocin. Crocin is a natural carotenoid chemical compound. Its flavor comes from another natural chemical compound called picrocrocin.
This crop is native to Southwest Asia and the areas around Greece. The notable areas where Saffron is cultivated includes France, Italy, Spain, Greece, Turkey, Iran, and in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir where it is known as “kesar”.
This crop flourishes best in cold, dry climates with well-drained, rich, and fertile soil. It is also great if the fields are irrigated.
The fresh saffron should be bought with the threads whole and intact. Avoid those that are sold in powdered form as these have a tendency to be adulterated with the inferior quality product and other substitutes.
The product should be purchased in a sealed airtight container. Once at home it should be stored in a refrigerator away from sunlight to prevent oxidation of the valuable chemical compounds.
How to use Saffron in the Kitchen
Saffron should be used sparingly because it just takes a little to impart flavor and coloring to your dish.
The flavors and pigment can be extracted from the threads by simply adding to the dish preferably towards the end of the cooking process where applicable. For example, with rice, it should be added at the beginning so as to fuse with the ingredients and water.
This spice can also be ground into a paste before adding to your A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More. Another method is to add the spice to a cup of hot water and let it sit for a while as the flavor and pigment are released into the water. The water can then be added to the A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More as desired.
In Asian and Mediterranean A cuisine meaning "to cook" is a general style of cooking characterized by specific ingredients, methods, and dishes associated with a culture of a geographical region. The influence is usually localized. A cuisine can be directed by traditionally local ingredients, religious and cultural beliefs and food preparation traditions and availability of tools and climatic conditions.... More it is used to flavor drinks. In Indian, Pakistani, and Central Asian countries it is used in curries, rice-pilaf, rice-pudding and several other sweet and savory dishes.
It can also be used to color To bake is to cook food in prolonged dry heat in an oven, coal pit or hot sand. The prolonging allows for the heat to spread throughout the dish. This method is very similar to roast cooking. Virtually every type of food can be baked but it is usually the exclusive method of choice for preparation of foods like bread,... More goods like buns, cakes, and pastries as well as drinks.
Saffron is known to have antioxidant, disease preventing, and health-promoting properties. It contains no cholesterol but has 310 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams
It contains a good amount of dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More and is very rich in vitamins and minerals.
it is a great source of the B-complex vitamins including Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, and Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More. It is also rich in Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More and very rich in vitamin C.
Saffron contains huge amounts of minerals including Calcium and Copper. It is rich in Selenium, Zinc, and Potassium.
It is also a great source of Phosphorus and Magnesium. This spice contains large amounts of Iron and extremely large amounts of Manganese where 100 grams of Saffron contains 12 times the recommended daily allowance.