Sesame is a flowering plant also known as benne grown for its edible seeds. The worlds largest growers of this plant are India, China, Nigeria, Myanmar, and Tanzania. It is an important ingredient in a lot of Asian dishes and others across the world.
It is native to parts of Africa most notably sub-Saharan Africa and India. The name is derived from the Arabic semsem or Simsim.
Sesame is an annual plant that grows to maturity at about half a meter to one meter tall. the leave tends to grow to about half a foot long and about 2 inches wide. It has flowers that vary in color from yellow, white or blue to purple.
The seeds tend to come in several colors but most common varieties are cream to off-white in color. Other colors include brown, black, gold, red or gray. The seeds are contained in a sesame fruit pod which grows to up to 8 cm in length. The pod usually splits and scatters the seed when mature.
These seeds which grow to about 4mm long are oval in shape and flat on two opposite ends. The crop requires well-drained, fertile soils to thrive. They also grow best in warm conditions.
Sesame seeds are available in markets all year round. They may be sold, whole, husked, dried or toasted depending on where you buy them.
The seeds turn rancid in the presence of air and therefore should be stored in an airtight container. They should be stored in a cool dark and dry place where they can keep for several months. Hulled white seed should be stored in a refrigerator.
How to use Sesame Seeds in Dishes
Sesame seeds are cherished for their rich nutty flavor. They are usually used as a paste mixed with other vegetable oils or To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More and added to several other A recipe is a set of instructions that describe how to prepare a culinary dish and covers the ingredients and method. It consists of the name of the dish, the time it will take to prepare, the individual ingredients and the amounts needed to make the dish. Instructions covering the preparation method, the number of servings the flavor and texture... More preparations as an ingredient. The paste is popularly known as Tahini which is used in making hummus in the Middle East.
Toasted sesame is sprinkled over Sushi is a Japanese styled vinegar rice artistically combined with other ingredients. These include primarily seafood (raw), vegetables or tropical fruits. The preparation can be served with Ginger, Wasabi and Soy sauce.... More preparations, A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More, bread, stir-fry, cake, and biscuit preparations. It can also be sprinkled over A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More and other sweets. It is also mixed with molten Sugar is a sweet soluble crystalline substance obtained from various plants. Most commonly from the sugar cane and sugar beet. Basically, it consists of sucrose and used as a sweetener in food and drink. The table or granulated sugar most customarily used as food is the one generally referred to as sugar in culinary terms. They are available in white... More or caramel and sold as a snack sometimes also mixed with peanuts, almonds or Jaggery. It can also be used to make Margarine is an edible imitation butter spread which is used for spreading, baking and cooking. It originated in France in 1869 and was a created as a substitute for the armed forces and lower classes of the society. Also referred to as oleo or oleomargarine it is made from refined vegetable oil and water and sometimes contains milk products.... More.
In parts of southeast Asia, the Oil which is also called Cooking oil or Edible oil is a plant, animal or synthetic fat used in food preparation. It is used in frying, baking and other forms of cooking as well as where the food preparation does not require heat such as in salad and dip. It is usually in liquid form at room temperature. Some varieties... More is used in cooking.
Nutritional Benefits of Sesame Seed
Sesame seeds contain 573 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams. They are rich in Oil which is also called Cooking oil or Edible oil is a plant, animal or synthetic fat used in food preparation. It is used in frying, baking and other forms of cooking as well as where the food preparation does not require heat such as in salad and dip. It is usually in liquid form at room temperature. Some varieties... More and Better known as cooking fat, it is a macro-nutrient made up of three fatty acid chains and the alcohol glycerol. Fat is the general term used in culinary arts to refer to the fats which are solid at room temperature, for example, shortening and lard. It is differentiated from cooking oil in the oil remains liquid at room temperature. They... More, carbohydrates and protein and they contain no cholesterol at all. They are also a good source of dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More. The seeds are very rich in the mono-unsaturated fatty acid, Oleic acid, which comprises 50% of fatty acids found in Sesame.
The seeds are rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is especially rich in the B-complex vitamins. This includes being rich in Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More, Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More, and Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More as well as Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More.
It is also rich in potassium. Other minerals which you are plenty in this seeds include Calcium, Magnesium, and Manganese. Others are Phosphorous, Selenium, and Zinc. The sees are especially rich in Iron and Copper.