Also known as Indian Saffron, Turmeric is a root herb most popular in Asia where it is used as a dye, for its medicinal properties for its anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and anti-cancer properties.
For our purposes, it is also used as a spice especially in South Asia cooking or more popularly as a food coloring agent life Saffron with an aromatic scent more like a herb.
It grows as an underground A rhizome also called creeping root-stalks and rootstocks is a subterranean stem of a plant that usually grows horizontally underground. It often sends out roots and shoots at intervals from nodes or buds which grow upwards. Many varieties of rhizomes are used in culinary arts such as turmeric, hops, and asparagus among others They store starches, proteins, and several other nutrients.... More and is closely related to ginger. The entire plant contains the aromatic scent that is a sweet fragrance in nature. It has a mild pepper flavor to the taste.
Turmeric is a perennial herbaceous plant. It has broad leaves that resemble A plantain or cooking plantain is a variety of banana that is larger, more starchy, firmer and less sweet. It is usually cooked before eating. Botanically there is no distinction between a banana and a plantain. They are common as a major food in parts of tropical Africa, more-so in West and Central Africa. It is also common in Central... More leaves. It has purple flowers and produces yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes.
After harvesting, the root is To boil is to cook food in hot bubbling water or other liquid such as stock, milk, wine or others to soften the food and alter its texture and flavor. Boiling protects food from burning as the liquid prevents the temperatures from rising beyond the liquids boiling point. Cooking food in a liquid such as oil is not considered boiling... More, dried, and ground to prepare distinctive bright yellow-gold spice powder. It is usually sold in the markets in this powdered form.
Turmeric should be purchased from reputable sources as the powder is generally sold by weight. This leaves it open to adulteration. Cheaper agents may be added to the powder to make it heavier. These additives can be toxic. For example lead oxide with a similar but darker color than Turmeric can be added to the powder making it darker and orange color.
Since ages ago, Turmeric has been used as a food coloring and flavoring agent. It is also a food preservative.
Usage of Turmeric in the Kitchen
Fresh roots should be washed thoroughly under running water to remove dirt, soil and pesticide residue. To create the powder, the root should be To boil is to cook food in hot bubbling water or other liquid such as stock, milk, wine or others to soften the food and alter its texture and flavor. Boiling protects food from burning as the liquid prevents the temperatures from rising beyond the liquids boiling point. Cooking food in a liquid such as oil is not considered boiling... More then dried in the sun. Thereafter it can be ground to a fine powder.
Like other herbs and spices, it is best to add this spice at the last moment in the cooking process to preserve fragrance and flavor. It also reduces the amount of evaporation of essential oils.
Turmeric is a strong coloring agent so care should be taken when cooking so as to not stain one’s clothes.
This spice can be used to To marinate is to soak food in a seasoned liquid for some time before cooking. The fluid usually acidic is used to impart flavor or tenderize the food item with which it is applied to. The liquid is called a Marinade and the process is called marination. The liquid used to marinate is usually made from ingredients such as lemon... More meat, chicken, and fish. It helps to remove the fishy smell and extend the life of these foods.
The powder can be added to other spice mixes such as in the preparation of Masala spices mixes, curry mixes among others. It goes well with vegetables, lentils and meat dishes in all.
It is also used to prepare Soup is a liquid that can be eaten as a complete food. It can either be thick or clear and can be served hot or cold with accompaniments such as crouton or bread buns. Soup may contain solids such as seafood or meats depending on the type. Clear soups are either bouillon and consommé while thick soups can be thickened... More, A sauce is a liquid or semi-solid food served on other foods or used to cook other foods. Sauces are not normally served as foods on their own. They are used to enhance other dishes by adding flavor and texture. The sauce is derived from the French word salsa which means salted though they may be sweet or savory in... More and A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More dishes. It is also found in commercial food preparation in Ice Cream also known as iced cream is a flavored frozen food often made from dairy products that can be eaten as a snack or dessert. It can also be combined with fruits, nuts and other ingredients and condiments. It is usually served in dishes, cups or cones depending on how it is presented. There are more varieties of ice... More, juices such as orange juice, certain cakes, popcorn, sweets, cereal Yogurt is also known as yoghurt or yoghourt is derived from Turkish term meaning "to be curdled or coagulated or to thicken". It is a food produced by bacterial fermentation of milk. The bacteria also known as yogurt cultures act on the protein and lactose to produce lactic acid. Yogurt is commonly sold sweetened and flavored and in many cases... More, tea, and others.
Nutritional Benefits of Turmeric
Turmeric contains about 354 A calorie is a unit of energy used in several fields. It is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius at one atmospheric pressure or the pressure at sea level. When relating to food, Calories with capital "C", also known as the food calorie the same energy as 1000... More per 100 grams. It has anti-inflammatory (painkiller), anti-flatulent, anti-microbial and carminative properties.
It contains no cholesterol and is rich in dietary Fiber also referred to as dietary fiber or roughage is the indigestible portion of food derived from plants. It comes either soluble in water or insoluble. They are normally resistant to absorption in the human digestive tract. They are found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It helps increase bulk in ingested foods, softens stool and shortens the total time... More. It contains some good amounts of proteins and fats and is also rich in carbohydrates. Turmeric is also a good source of vitamins and minerals.
It contains the b complex vitamins such as Folates are also known as Folic acid or vitamin B9 is good for DNA synthesis and is essential for alleviating Anemia and in pregnant women infant neural tube defects. It is a water-soluble vitamin. Folic acid can be found naturally in leafy green vegetables. Steam cooking helps retain more of the vitamin during cooking. You can also get it from... More and Niacin is also known as Nicotinic acid or vitamin B3 and is useful for the prevention of nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anemia, headaches and exhaustion. It is also useful in the regulation of high cholesterol in the system. It an be found mainly in protein foods like liver, chicken, beef, fish, cereal, peanuts and legumes.... More. It is rich in Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More and Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 helps prevent migraines and is good for cellular respiration. It can be found in eggs, milk, meat and green vegetables. Deficiency results in symptoms similar to Pellagra. Others include chapped lips, red tongue, sore throat, inflammation of the mouth and scaly rashes on private parts.... More too. It also contains a lot of vitamin C, vitamin E and vitamin K. This root herb spice does not contain Vitamin A is a group of unsaturated nutritional organic compounds like retinol, retinoic acid provitamin A carotenoids like beta-carotene and is important for growth, immune system and good vision especially in low-light and color vision. It can be found in several foods including liver, cod liver oil, carrot, green vegetables, butter, milk sweet potato, Cheese and fish among others.... More.
As for minerals, Turmeric is rich in Copper, Potassium, and Calcium. It is very rich in Iron and Manganese. Also present is Magnesium, Zinc, and Phosphorus.