The watermelon is an annual plant that grows as a vine and produces very large edible fruit bearing the same name. It is a berry which botanically is called a pepo. It contains a hard smooth skin which is green in color with dark green stripes. The outer layer is riddled with yellow spots
This fruit bears a sweet juicy pulp that ranges from white and yellow to pink and deep red in color. it contains several small black seeds ranging from white to black in color.
Watermelon is native to Southern Africa regions. The fruit is ready for harvest about three and a half months after planting. The plant vine can grow and bear stems which are up to 3 meters long. This is similar to those such as cantaloupe, squash, and pumpkin. It bears large hairy pinnately-lobed leaves that grow very course with age.
The fruit can grow up to 20 cm in diameter, but when properly cultivated they can reach upwards of 60 cm. The worlds largest producers of the watermelon are China, Turkey, Iran, Brazil, and Egypt.
Watermelons are generally available throughout the year in markets. Fruit without clear signs of mold should be selected for purchase. They should not bear any bruises or cuts. The fruit should feel heavy for its size with a rind that is moderately smooth, glossy and vibrant in color.
The fruit should be stored in a cool, dry and dark place in a well-ventilated area. Cut fruit should be stored in a refrigerator.
Preparation of Watermelon for Consumption
The watermelon should be washed in cool running water to remove dirt, soil, insect larvae, pesticides, and fungicide residue. The fruit can be eaten raw as it is as a refreshing snack.
The fruit can then be cut as desired with a sharp knife according to the purpose for which it is being cut. The inner pulp together which the seeds can be ingested.
The flesh can be cut into slices, cubes, scooped into balls or similar shapes.
The cut pieces can be added to fruit A salad is a mixture of small to medium pieces of ready to eat ingredients mixed together and topped with a sauce or dressing. They are preferred cold with few exceptions served warm. The dressing is usually sweet and sour in nature or can be salted and spiced. Salad ingredients range widely but most commonly they include vegetables, fruits, cooked... More. It can also be used as an ingredient in A dessert is the last course of a meal usually consisting of sweetened foods and beverages like dessert wine and liqueur. It may also include some savory items like coffee, cheese, and nuts. The sweetened food can include those commonly eaten savory such as rice. Foods included usually eaten as dessert courses include cake, cookie, pastry, ice cream, pudding, custard... More preparations. The seeds can be To roast is to cook food in indirect or diffused dry heat such as in an oven where the heat surrounds the food somewhat evenly. This method of cooking helps impart flavor and while the texture on the surface is caramelized and browned. Generally, it is meat, poultry, fish and root vegetables which tend to be roasted. It results in... More and eaten as a snack as is the case in several Asian countries.
The rind can also be cooked and eaten as a vegetable as is the case in several South American countries.
The flesh can be squeezed and drank as a refreshing drink or used as an ingredient in a A cocktail is a drink that contains three or more ingredients one of them being alcohol. Traditionally they are a mixture of spirits, sugar, water, and bitters. A drink of soda or juice and spirit is a highball while a spirit and liqueur mix is a duo or trio with a mixer such as juice or soda added. This differs... More, fruit cocktails and A Smoothie is a thick drink made by blending raw fruit and or vegetables with a liquid such as water, juice and dairy products. In some recipes sweeteners like honey or sugar as well as other ingredients can be added to the drink. They can also be bought commercially bottled in supermarkets. Depending on the ingredients it can be drunk... More drinks. Commercially it can be turned into jam.
Watermelon is rich in antioxidants, electrolytes, and water. They contain just 30 calories per 100 grams and contains no cholesterol or fat. It is a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and the carotenoid pigment, lycopene exceeding that in tomatoes.
It is a good source of Pantothenic acid is also known as vitamin B5. It is a water soluble vitamin used by animals to synthesize coenzyme-A (CoA), as well as to metabolize proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Major food sources include dried mushrooms, liver, dried egg yolks and sunflower seeds among others. Pantothenic acid deficiency is extremely rare but symptoms include impaired energy production, irritability, fatigue, and... More, Pyridoxine is also known as pyridoxol or vitamin B6 and can be gotten from fruit, vegetables, and grains. It helps prevent confusion, ulcerations, conjuctivitis, intertigo and neuropathy among others. Alcoholics and the elderly are usually the demographics that tend to have increased risk of vitamin B6 deficiency.... More, and Thiamin, Thiamine or Vitamin B1 helps prevent disorders like beriberi and korsakoff's syndrome and can lead to metabolic coma and death. Yeast, yeast extract, pork, whole grain brown bread and other cereals are good sources of vitamin B1.... More. It is a good source of Potassium, Copper, and Iron. It is also a good source of Magnesium.